Escrevivendo e Photoandando por ali e por aqui

“O que a fotografia reproduz no infinito aconteceu apenas uma vez: ela repete mecanicamente o que não poderá nunca mais se repetir existencialmente”.

Roland Barthes

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«Ao lermos uma novela ou uma história imaginamos as cenas, a paisagem, os personagens, dando a estes uma voz, uma imagem física. Por isso às vezes a transposição para o cinema revela-se-nos uma desilusão. Quando leio o que a Maria do Mar me escreve(u) surge perante mim a sua imagem neste ou naquele momento da nossa vida, uma pessoa simples, encantadora, gentil e delicada.»

Victor Nogueira

sábado, 26 de dezembro de 2009

“In Focus: The Worker”


O MUNDO LABORAL EM FOTOGRAFIAS NO GETTY CENTER DE LOS ANGELES

2009-11-03




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A invenção da fotografia em 1839 coincidiu no tempo com a irrupção da Revolução Industrial, que transformaria a vida quotidiana das populações ocidentais. Os trabalhadores de todos os sectores desempenharam um papel fundamental e protagonista na consolidação das mudanças sociais e culturais que se produziram naquela etapa e a câmara fotográfica utilizou-se então mais do que qualquer outro meio artístico para dar testemunho do seu trabalho.
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O Getty Center de Los Angeles inaugura hoje “In Focus: The Worker”, mostra composta por 40 instantâneos da colecção do referido museu que representam momentos históricos-chave na evolução do mundo do trabalho e da consideração social pelos trabalhadores entre os séculos XIX e XX. Algumas delas converteram-se em ícones com a passagem do tempo, outras são menos conhecidas mas demonstram o interesse dos fotógrafos de então por ofícios muito variados.
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Entre as imagens que poderão contemplar-se no Getty Center, figuram peças tão significativas como as que mostram os procedimentos de construção da Torre Eiffel (é o caso do instantâneo de Durandelle procedente do arquivo pessoal do próprio arquitecto Gustave Eiffel) ou as que denunciavam, numa época tão precoce como 1908, as negativas repercussões do trabalho infantil (Lewis Hine).
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“In Focus: The Worker” inclui também fotografias recentes, como os retratos que Milton Rogovin tirou de mineiros de todo o mundo e das suas famílias com o propósito de chamar a atenção do público para um tema tão delicado como a periculosidade laboral e os baixos salários.

Disponível em: www.masdearte.com
.http://www.artecapital.net/noticias.php?noticia=1215
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In Focus: The Worker


Man with Pipe / Wolff



Man with Pipe, Paul Wolff, about 1940

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The invention of photography was announced in 1839, when the Industrial Revolution was transforming daily life in the Western world. Workers of all types were central to these changes, and the camera was used—more than any other artistic medium—to picture them. In Focus: The Worker presents a photographic history of working people across many cultures.
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The more than 40 prints in this exhibition are drawn exclusively from the J. Paul Getty Museum's collection. They include a range of photographic processes from daguerreotypes to gelatin silver prints. Some represent key moments in history and have become icons. Others are less well-known, but demonstrate the diversity of occupations and trades that interested photographers. Taken together, they reveal shifting attitudes toward the worker over much of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Man with Carpentry Tools /  American




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Vocational Photography: Workers and Their Tools
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In its day, a daguerreotype portrait was considered a luxury product, especially those that were hand-colored.
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In this early image of a worker, the photographer treats his subject with studied consideration. The carpenter regards the camera with a grave expression, and we sense that it might be the first time he has ever been photographed. His tools, including a bench plane and miter saw, sit before him like elements arranged in a formal still life.
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This portrait looks staged for a variety of reasons. The pile of wood shavings at the bottom right corner is too tidy to reflect actual work in progress. The austere background and composition also point to a formal photography session in a studio rather than in the carpenter's workroom.

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Placement of the Caissons, Eiffel Tower / Durandelle



Placement of the Caissons, Eiffel Tower, Paris, Louis-Émile Durandelle, April 1887

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Picturing Workers at Work

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This photograph offers a view of both the people and materials behind the construction of the Eiffel Tower. The artist, Louis-Émile Durandelle, shows the workers dwarfed by the array of piers and caissons that will become part of the tower's foundation. The site dominates the frame, with only a small element reserved for the sky at the top.
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Durandelle is known for his architectural photographs, especially of public monuments. The tower's architect and namesake, George Eiffel, likely commissioned him to record various stages of construction as a documentary record. This photograph came from Eiffel's own personal archives.
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Cotton-Mill Worker / Hine




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Photographs as Tools for Social Change
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Photographer Lewis Hine made this image when on assignment for the National Child Labor Committee. By framing the scene tightly and selecting a low camera height, Hine establishes an eye-to-eye relationship between the young girl and the viewer. His work documenting the negative effects of child labor was among the earliest and most effective uses of photography as a catalyst for social change.
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The enormous sewing machine behind this young worker stretches out behind her as if to infinity. Unsmiling, she rests one hand on the window sill and the other on the machine. Her apparent ease in the bleak environment is disconcerting, as if she knows it better than whatever landscape or playground might be on the other side of the window.


Cuba / Rogovin


Cuba, Milton Rogovin, 1989
© Milton Rogovin

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learn_more
See one of the workers at home with his family

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Contemporary Directions
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Milton Rogovin traveled to coal-mining areas throughout the world and created a series of environmental portraits of miners at work and at home with their families. His purpose was not to represent the wearing-down effects of hard labor per se, but to call attention to individuals whose jobs are characterized by constant danger and low pay.
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This photograph is one part of a diptych made near Guantánamo, Cuba. Rogovin builds the picture around the central figure, a man who appears to be a leader among the group of men that surrounds him. Presenting him head-on and informally posed, the artist shows us that this man is both courageous and proud.
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http://www.getty.edu/art/exhibitions/focus_worker/
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