Desde que o mundo é mundo vivemos em guerra. Nesse exato instante tem uma ou mais guerras em andamento pelas mais diferentes razões. Nossa sociedade involui como seres inteligentes, na mesma proporção em que evolui tecnologicamente. Embora triste, esse fato tem levado uma geração de fotógrafos como Roger Fenton, Alexander Gadner, Tonny Vaccaro, Robert Capa e outros a entrarem nesse inferno para documentar os horrores e o impacto das guerras na vida diária dos cidadãos.
Capa dizia que há duas regras para ser um bom fotógrafo de guerra: primeiro, esteja perto do objeto. Segundo: chegue ainda mais perto. O excelente documentário “War Photographer” de Christian Frei, mostra o trabalho do fotógrafo James Nachtwey (http://www.jamesnachtwey.com/), que iniciou sua carreira de fotógrafo em 1976 e cobriu sua primeira guerra em 1981, na Irlanda do Norte. Daí em diante não parou mais; esteve em El Salvador, Nicarágua, Líbano, Afeganistão, Bósnia, e onde mais houvesse algum conflito.
Nachtwey passou pelas mais conceituadas agências fotográficas do mundo, como a Black Star, onde ficou até 1985, indo depois para a Magnum. Ficou por lá até setembro 2001, quando decidiu fundar a Agência VII, uma das mais conceituadas da atualidade (http://www.viiphoto.com/).
James Nachtwey se considera uma testemunha dos nossos tempos. Um seguidor no melhor estilo do fotógrafo social, que acredita estar mudando o mundo com suas imagens.
Em seu Website ele se descreve: “Tenho sido uma testemunha e minhas fotos são o depoimento. Os eventos que tenho fotografado não podem ser esquecidos, mas também não deveriam ser repetidos.”
O documentário de Frei recebeu a indicação ao Oscar em 2002 e alguns trechos podem ser vistos no YouTube: (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x3VoyjUP8hg).
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Syracuse, New York, USA
|Notable credit(s)||See Awards, honors and films|
James Nachtwey (born March 14, 1948) is an influential American photojournalist and war photographer who has been awarded the Overseas Press Club's coveted Robert Capa Gold Medal an unprecedented 5 times. In 2003, he was injured by a grenade in an attack on his convoy while serving as a TIME contributing correspondent in Baghdad, from which he has made a full recovery.
Nachtwey started working as a newspaper photographer in 1976 at the Albuquerque Journal. In 1980, he moved to New York and began working as a freelance photographer. In 1981, Nachtwey covered his first overseas assignment in Northern Ireland illustrating civil strife. He has documented a variety of armed conflicts and social issues, spending time in South Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, Russia, Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union shooting pictures of war, conflict and famine, and images of socio-political issues (pollution, crime and punishment) in Western Europe and the United States. He currently lives in New York City.
In 1994, Nachtwey was covering the upcoming elections in South Africa, the first non-racial ones in decades. As an associate of the Bang-Bang Club, he was at the scene when Ken Oosterbroek was killed and Greg Marinovich was seriously injured.
Nachtwey had been injured previously in his work, but it was during his extensive coverage of the United States invasion of Iraq that he received his first combat injury. As Nachtwey, along with TIME correspondent Michael Weisskopf rode in the back of a humvee with the United States Army "Tomb Raiders" Survey Platoon, an insurgent threw a grenade into the vehicle. Weisskopf grabbed the grenade to throw it out of the humvee, but it exploded in his hand. Two soldiers were injured in the explosion, along with the TIME journalists. Nachtwey managed to take several photographs of medic Billie Grimes treating Weisskopf before passing out. Both journalists were airlifted to Germany and later to hospitals in the United States. Nachtwey recovered sufficiently to return overseas to cover the tsunami in Southeast Asia of December 26, 2004.
Nachtwey has worked with TIME as a contract photographer since 1984. He worked for Black Star from 1980 until 1985 and was a member of Magnum Photos from 1986 until 2001. In 2001, he was a founding member of the VII Photo Agency.
Nachtwey was present during the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center, and produced a well known related body of work. He also compiled a photo essay on the effects of the Sudan conflict on civilians.
Awards, honors and films
Nachtwey photographs have been exhibited throughout Europe and the United States and he has received numerous prizes and awards including the World Press Photo award in 1994. Nachtwey has also been awarded the Overseas Press Club's coveted Robert Capa Gold Medal an unprecedented 5 times, in 1983, 1984, 1986, 1994 and 1998. In 2001, the documentary War Photographer was released, focusing on Nachtwey and his work. Directed by Christian Frei, the film received an Academy Award nomination for best documentary film.
In 2006, Nachtwey was awarded a Heinz Award from the Heinz Family Foundation, which carries a US $250,000 prize, for his body of work. Nachtwey is also one of three winners of the 2007 TED Prize. Each recipient was granted $100,000 and one "world-changing wish" to be revealed at the 2007 TED conference, in Monterey, California. Many members of the TED Community, and a group of world-class companies, have pledged support to help fulfill the wishes. Nachtwey's wish, revealed March 8, 2007, is this: "There's a vital story that needs to be told, and I wish for TED to help me gain access to it and then to help me come up with innovative and exciting ways to use news photography in the digital era." Those who wish to help him will sign an NDA and help him "gain access to a place in the world where a critical situation is occurring and fully document it with photography; set a date to unveil the pictures and find a series of innovative ways to create powerful impact with them, using novel display technologies and the power of the Internet as well as media; and use the campaign to generate resources for organizations that are working to address and transform the situation." Early results of this work have been unveiled at XDRTB.org to document extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis throughout the world.
- ^ biography.com
- ^ Ratnesar, Ramesh; Weisskopf, Michael (December 2003). "Portrait of a Platoon". TIME. http://www.time.com/time/subscriber/personoftheyear/2003/poyplatoon.html.
- ^ James Nachtwey's TED price acceptance talk, TED, March 2007, http://www.ted.com/talks/james_nachtwey_s_searing_pictures_of_war.html
- Official website
- James Nachtwey TEDTalk: Use my photographs to stop the worldwide XDR-TB epidemic
- VII photo agency
- Time.com: Shattered 9/11/2001
- War Photographer Documentary
- Close Up: Five Questions With James Nachtwey
- PBS online NewsHour: Conversation with James Nachtwey
- International Center of Photography
- The Independent Oct 2002 - Review of Nachtwey Lecture at the Royal Geographical Society
- Creating awareness of extremely drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB)
- The Heinz Awards, James Nachtwey page